Art

Home/Art
4 08, 2017

Peter Paul Rubens – European art history

By |2017-08-04T15:40:52-07:00August 4th, 2017|Art, Modern Europe|0 Comments

Rubens (self-portrait), 1620 AD Peter Paul Rubens was born in Germany in 1577. At that time, the Holy Roman Emperors were weak and there were a bunch of civil wars going on. His father, who was a lawyer, was also a Calvinist - a Protestant. The family fled to Cologne before Rubens was born, because of fighting between [...]

4 08, 2017

Raphael – Biography – Renaissance art

By |2018-04-23T09:44:15-07:00August 4th, 2017|Art, Modern Europe|0 Comments

Raphael's early selfie as a teenager Raphael, Titian, Michelangelo, and Leonardo da Vinci were the four greatest painters of the Renaissance in Italy. Raphael was born in 1483, when Michelangelo was eight years old and Leonardo was already grown up; Titian was a little younger. With their new Chinese compasses, the first European ships were just beginning to sail south to Congo and Angola. Columbus reached the Caribbean when Raphael was nine [...]

4 08, 2017

Michelangelo – Renaissance art

By |2018-04-21T13:20:49-07:00August 4th, 2017|Art, Modern Europe|0 Comments

The artist Michelangelo's David Not long after Leonardo da Vinci started working, in 1475 AD, a new artist was born in northern Italy. His name was Michelangelo. Michelangelo's family said they were descended from the powerful Matilda of Canossa, but Michelangelo's father was a banker in Florence. He also owned a small marble quarry, where the small [...]

4 08, 2017

Renaissance Art History – Painting

By |2018-04-11T09:23:50-07:00August 4th, 2017|Art, Modern Europe|0 Comments

Leonardo da Vinci, Mary and Jesus (ca. 1501 AD) Europeans got richer in the later Middle Ages thanks to the wool trade. More and more rich Europeans wanted to buy paintings. So more and more artists, like Leonardo da Vinci, were able to make a living by painting. In the 1500s, Europeans forced Islamic, African, and Indian traders to hand [...]

4 08, 2017

Pieter Brueghel – European Art

By |2019-02-24T20:11:19-07:00August 4th, 2017|Art, Modern Europe|0 Comments

Pieter Brueghel, Children's Games (1560 AD) Did Brueghel see Chinese art? As European traders began to sail directly to China in the late 1400s AD, they brought back all kinds of new things to Europe: porcelain vases, paper fans, silk cloth. Ming Dynasty Chinese art Medieval European art All our Modern Europe articles [...]

1 08, 2017

What are stigmata? Christian markings

By |2018-04-10T22:49:24-07:00August 1st, 2017|Art, Medieval|0 Comments

Jesus on the Cross, by Fra Angelico When the Roman soldiers nailed Jesus  to the cross, the nails made holes in His hands and feet. Medieval people called these holes the "stigmata" (stig-MA-ta), which is the Latin word for "marks". St. Francis receiving the stigmata (Giotto) In the later Middle Ages in Europe, very holy Christian people sometimes got [...]

1 08, 2017

Medieval Spanish art

By |2017-08-01T08:19:32-07:00August 1st, 2017|Art, Medieval|0 Comments

Visigothic horseshoe arch (San Juan Banos) Because Spain was in the Roman Empire, in the 300s AD Spanish art looked a lot like other Roman art. It's not exactly the same - each province had its own way of doing things. Roman period Spanish art is usually stronger-looking and more forceful than art from other parts of [...]

1 08, 2017

Medieval Russian art

By |2018-04-10T22:49:24-07:00August 1st, 2017|Art, Medieval|0 Comments

Russian Icon of Saint Nicolas, 13th - early 14th century, tempera on wood. Our knowledge of Russian art begins with the Scythians and other Central Asian art. But what most people think of as Russian art begins when the Russians convert to Christianity around 400 AD. At this time Russian artists begin painting in a more Roman style (that is, the [...]

1 08, 2017

Byzantine pottery – Middle Ages

By |2017-08-01T08:08:24-07:00August 1st, 2017|Art, Medieval|0 Comments

(Metropolitan Museum, New York) After the fall of the western part of the Roman Empire, the remaining part of the Roman empire in West Asia and Egypt kept on using Roman red pottery. But by around 700 AD, after Heraclius, Byzantine potters began to make tin-glazed pottery, just like in the neighboring Umayyad empire. This glazed pottery looked a lot like [...]

1 08, 2017

Medieval art history – Europe

By |2017-08-01T07:56:10-07:00August 1st, 2017|Art, Medieval|0 Comments

A Late Antique ivory carving Roman art, German art, and Islamic art mixed together in Europe in the Early Middle Ages to create a new form, which we call medieval art. Art historians divide medieval art into Early Medieval, Romanesque, and Gothic art. But these types of art looked different in different places, and in the hands of [...]