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Roman numerals – Ancient Roman numbers

By | 2017-09-04T18:16:56+00:00 September 4th, 2017|Math, Romans, Science|

Claudia Pieris' tombstone (CIL VI.15543) She lived 117-138 AD. Now in Copenhagen, at the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek. The Romans used several different systems for writing numbers. Sometimes they wrote numbers like this: I II III IV V and other times they used the Greek numbers. Roman people didn't always write numbers the same way, [...]

Roman science – What did ancient Romans invent?

By | 2017-09-04T18:01:05+00:00 September 4th, 2017|Romans, Science|

Roman mold-blown glass (100s AD) What we call Roman science is a mixture of two different things. The first is the discoveries and inventions made by scientists working in parts of West Asia and Africa that the Romans had conquered. In these places, scientists had already been working for a long time. They [...]

Visit Rome with kids! What to see, where to stay

By | 2017-09-04T17:49:28+00:00 September 4th, 2017|History, Romans|

Checking out the Servian Wall in Rome You'll never run out of things to do with kids in Rome! The Roman Forum is a good place to start - plenty of room to climb and run. At the end of the Forum is the Colosseum, where gladiators killed lions, and if you have enough energy, afterwards [...]

Who was the Roman goddess Venus? Roman religion

By | 2017-09-04T16:45:03+00:00 September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|

Venus rising out of the ocean, from Tunisia in North Africa (300s AD) The goddess Venus was the goddess of growing things, gardens, love and fertility for the Romans. People sacrificed to her when they wanted to have babies, or to make somebody fall in love with them. People thought of Venus as watery and [...]

Roman sacrifice – animals and incense – Roman religion

By | 2017-09-04T16:36:44+00:00 September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|

Sacrificing a cow, a sheep, and a pig in the Late Republic Probably around the time people began farming their food and raising tame animals for their meat, which in Italy was about 5000 BC, people also began to sacrifice animals to their gods. This was the same thing people did in West Asia - including the Zoroastrians and the Jews - and in Greece at the [...]

Who was Minerva? The Roman goddess

By | 2017-09-04T16:32:36+00:00 September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|

A Roman temple from the forum in Ostia, near Rome. It was probably dedicated to Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva. Minerva was Jupiter's daughter for the Romans, the way Athena was Zeus's daughter for the Greeks. But Minerva was not exactly like Athena, just as Jupiter was not exactly like Zeus. Her name comes from an older Etruscan goddess, [...]

Who was the god Mars? The Roman god of war

By | 2017-09-04T16:05:22+00:00 September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|

So-called "Mars of Todi", an Etruscan statue from about 500 BC Mars was the Roman god of war and fighting, the son of Juno (all by herself, with no dad). People in the Roman Empire thought of Mars as being similar to the Greek god of war, Ares, but Mars was a popular god, who fought to bring peace and [...]

What’s the Lupercalia? Roman holidays – Religion

By | 2017-09-04T15:43:30+00:00 September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|

The decorated ceiling of the cave where people may have celebrated the Lupercalia, under the Palatine Hill in Rome. In the time of the kings of Rome, about 600 BC (and maybe even earlier), when the people of central Italy were all shepherds and farmers and lived in villages, they got cold and bored during the rainy winters and wanted to have [...]

Jupiter – Roman god – Roman religion

By | 2017-09-04T14:43:46+00:00 September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|

Jupiter (fresco from the House of the Dioscuri, Pompeii, ca. 79 AD) Jupiter was the chief of the gods for the Romans, the way Zeus was for the Greeks and Thor was for the Germans. In fact, they must have all originally been the same Indo-European sky god. Jupiter and Zeus really have the same name - Jupiter comes from Ju-pater, [...]

Juno – the Roman goddess – Roman religion

By | 2017-09-04T14:36:31+00:00 September 4th, 2017|Religion, Romans|

The Roman goddess Juno Juno was Jupiter's wife and sister for the Romans, the way Hera was Zeus's wife for the Greeks. Because the Romans and the Greeks were both descended from Central Asian Indo-Europeans, Hera and Juno probably started out as the same goddess. But the Romans thought of Juno a little differently from Hera. Juno was mainly a goddess of marriage, like [...]