Economy

Home » Economy

Ships and sailing in ancient Africa – early boats

By | 2017-10-03T10:35:56+00:00 October 3rd, 2017|Africa, Economy, Science|

A person in a boat (Barramiya, Upper Egypt, ca. 4000 BC) African sailing has a long history. People were probably using boats before the first people left Africa. At Blombos Cave in South Africa, people were fishing about 70,000 BC, and by the time people got to Southeast Asia about 40,000 BC they certainly had [...]

Early Native American Economy – farming and trade

By | 2017-09-28T11:57:29+00:00 September 28th, 2017|Economy, Native American|

Pomo people fishing (California, 1816) When people first came to North America, maybe about 15,000 BC, they were probably mostly following the fish along the coast, and fishing is what they spent most of their time doing. In California, and along the East Coast, people like the Iroquois also gathered acorns and crushed them to make bread. Cree people [...]

Mining and miners in ancient West Asia

By | 2017-09-15T15:48:55+00:00 September 15th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

Skeleton of a salt miner from Sassanid Iran Mining was a dangerous job. So most people in the ancient world didn't want to do it. This is the skeleton of a young salt miner. Very likely the miner was enslaved, so he didn't have any choice about working in the salt mine. He [...]

Inheritance in West Asia – Mesopotamia and Iran

By | 2017-09-15T15:39:51+00:00 September 15th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

Akkadian will (in the Louvre museum, Paris) This is the will of a man named Baal-Karad from Syria, who lived about 1300 BC, in the time of the New Kingdom in Egypt and the Trojan War in Greece. The scribe wrote Baal-Karad's will in cuneiform letters on a clay tablet. Baal-Karad said that when he died all his stuff should be divided [...]

Sassanians and the Silk Road – West Asian economy

By | 2017-09-12T22:54:17+00:00 September 12th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

Coin of the Sassanian king Hormizd V (ca. 593 AD?) The most important part of the Sassanian economy, as in all other states in Late Antiquity, was farming - most people still were farmers, growing mainly wheat and barley. But most farmers didn't eat the food they grew. They sold their wheat or barley to a mill and used the money [...]

Iron Age economy in West Asia – the Phoenicians

By | 2017-09-12T21:50:02+00:00 September 12th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

Phoenician glass - a face pendant of an African man. 400-200 BC The rise of the Assyrian empire (in modern Iraq) and of the Phoenicians (in modern Lebanon) about 900 BC created a new economic boom in West Asia. The Phoenicians traded all over the Mediterranean Sea in ships, and established trading posts at Carthage and in Spain and Sicily. They made glass [...]

West Asian economy – Mesopotamia and Iran

By | 2017-09-12T21:42:12+00:00 September 12th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

Obsidian tools West Asia is located in the middle of the very wide land mass we call Europe and Asia and Africa, and so it has always played an important part in moving things from east to west and from west to east. Beginning as early as the Stone Age, about 7000 BC, people in West [...]

West Asian economy in the Dark Age

By | 2017-09-12T18:54:30+00:00 September 12th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

The temple of Goliath's town, Gath - apparently founded by the Philistines, when they fled the economic problems at home and arrived in Israel around 1100 BC The political collapse around 1200 BC in West Asia may have been related to an economic collapse about the same time. Between about 1200 and about 1000 BC, not so much trade was [...]

West Asian economy – the Bronze Age

By | 2017-09-12T17:54:51+00:00 September 12th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

Bronze Age tin ingots from a shipwreck near Haifa When people first began to use bronze, about 3000 BC, they had to trade a lot more than they had before, because they needed tin to make the bronze. You don't find tin just anywhere. At first there was some tin in Asia Minor (modern Turkey), but they [...]

West Asian economy – Safavids and Ottomans

By | 2017-09-11T00:09:22+00:00 September 11th, 2017|Economy, West Asia|

A man making paper West Asia entered the 1500s AD in a very powerful position in world trade. Iran, together with the Central Asian state of Uzbekistan and the Mughal Empire, dominated the Silk Road, and the Silk Road was at the center of world trade. Small factories with hundreds of employees - slave or free - made high-quality steel, knotted wool carpets, paper, glass dishes and silver vases, and [...]