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The end of Sparta – Ancient Greece

By |2018-04-22T22:48:09+00:00July 7th, 2017|Government, Greeks, History|

The end of Sparta: a Spartan hoplite soldier Peloponnesian War In 441 BC, the Spartans decided that the Athenians were pushing everybody around too much, and they got an alliance of other city-states together (mainly Corinth) and attacked Athens to break up Athenian power. This is known as the Peloponnesian War, because Sparta [...]

Sparta and the Persian Wars

By |2018-04-20T08:25:01+00:00July 7th, 2017|Government, Greeks, History|

A Spartan war helmet Even after Spartans grew up and got married, Spartan men ate all their meals with the other soldiers, instead of with their families. Meanwhile, Messenian (helot) families did stay together, but they all had to work very hard on the farms, and were treated badly by their Spartan masters. [...]

Sparta, Greece – The city-state of Sparta in ancient Greece

By |2018-05-09T22:35:11+00:00July 6th, 2017|Government, Greeks, History|

Sparta, Greece and the valley around it Sparta in the Bronze Age Sparta was a town in southern Greece. It was already a town in the Late Bronze Age. So it appears in Homer's Odyssey as the kingdom of Menelaus and Helen. (More about Menelaus) During the Dark Ages, Sparta fell on hard [...]

Government of Ancient Greece – Greek democracy and tyranny

By |2018-05-04T15:52:22+00:00July 6th, 2017|Government, Greeks|

Government of ancient Greece: the Mask of Agamemnon, from Mycenae, Greece (1500 BC). Now in Athens Ancient Greece had a lot of different kinds of governments, because there were many different city-states in ancient Greece. (What is a city-state?) Each city-state had their own government. Some had kings, some had elected councils, some [...]

Hellenistic and Roman government in Greece

By |2018-04-22T22:55:19+00:00July 6th, 2017|Government, Greeks, History|

Hellenistic government: Philip of Macedon In the 300s BC, Philip of Macedon conquered Greece. He ruled all of Greece as the king. (In theory Philip was only leading a league of Greek city-states, the first among equals. But really he acted like a king). Athens and other Greek city-states still kept their local democracies or oligarchies for local [...]

The Spartan boy and the fox: a story

By |2018-04-22T22:44:04+00:00July 6th, 2017|Government, Greeks|

The Spartan boy and the fox: a fox cub The Roman writer Plutarch, who wrote about 75 BC, told this story about the Spartans: "So seriously did Spartan children go about their stealing, that a boy, having stolen a young fox and hid it under his cloak, let it tear out his guts [...]

Roman Corinth and St. Paul

By |2017-07-06T23:10:42+00:00July 6th, 2017|Government, Greeks, History|

The Temple of Octavia in Corinth, dedicated to the sister of the emperor Augustus After the Macedonians conquered Corinth in 338 BC, Corinth was not as powerful as it had been before. But Corinth was still an important port during the Hellenistic period. When the Romans conquered Greece in the 100s BC, they [...]

Corinth, Greece in the Classical period – a rich city-state in ancient Greece

By |2018-01-10T10:37:56+00:00July 6th, 2017|Government, Greeks, History|

Corinth, Greece: Corinthian aryballos (perfume jar) in the shape of an owl (now in the Louvre, Paris) Corinth, Greece: A Greek city-state sells perfume and pottery In the 800s and 700s BC, Corinth was very wealthy from trade and from selling their perfume in little fancy pottery jars. Corinthian traders also  sold the [...]

Ancient Corinth – Mycenaean and Archaic

By |2017-07-06T22:57:53+00:00July 6th, 2017|Government, Greeks, History|

Corinth, with the high city - Akrocorinth - in the background Corinth was a town right where southern Greece and northern Greece come together. It was certainly a Mycenaean city, because Mycenaean pottery has been found in excavations at Corinth. In Greek mythology, Corinth (CORE-inth) was where Jason and Medea lived. During the [...]