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The end of Sparta – Ancient Greece

By | 2017-07-07T01:04:53+00:00 July 7th, 2017|Government, Greeks, History|

Spartan hoplite soldier In 441 BC, the Spartans decided that the Athenians were pushing everybody around too much, and they got an alliance of other city-states together (mainly Corinth) and attacked Athens to break up Athenian power. This is known as the Peloponnesian War, because Sparta is in the part of Greece called [...]

Sparta and the Persian Wars

By | 2017-07-07T01:02:16+00:00 July 7th, 2017|Government, Greeks, History|

A Spartan war helmet Even after Spartans grew up and got married, Spartan men ate all their meals with the other soldiers, instead of with their families. Meanwhile, Messenian (helot) families did stay together, but they all had to work very hard on the farms, and were treated badly by their Spartan masters. [...]

Sparta and ancient Greece

By | 2017-07-06T23:54:43+00:00 July 6th, 2017|Government, Greeks, History|

Sparta and the valley around it Sparta was a town in southern Greece. It was already there in the Late Bronze Age, and appears in Homer's Odyssey as the kingdom of Menelaus and Helen. During the Dark Ages, Sparta fell on hard times like other Greek towns. In the early Archaic period, around [...]

Ancient Greek Government

By | 2017-07-06T23:45:18+00:00 July 6th, 2017|Government, Greeks|

Mask of Agamemnon, from Mycenae, Greece (1500 BC). Now in Athens The Greeks had a lot of different kinds of governments, because there were many different city-states in ancient Greece. Each city-state had their own government. People's ideas about what made a good government changed over time, too. The Greek philosopher Aristotle divided [...]

Hellenistic and Roman government in Greece

By | 2017-07-06T23:25:00+00:00 July 6th, 2017|Government, Greeks, History|

Philip of Macedon Then in the 300s BC, Greece was conquered by Philip of Macedon, and all of Greece began to be ruled by him as their king (in theory he was only leading a league of Greek city-states, the first among equals, but really he acted like a king). Athens and other [...]

The Spartan boy and the fox: a story

By | 2017-07-06T23:19:55+00:00 July 6th, 2017|Government, Greeks|

Fox cub The Roman writer Plutarch, who wrote about 75 BC, told this story about the Spartans: "So seriously did Spartan children go about their stealing, that a boy, having stolen a young fox and hid it under his cloak, let it tear out his guts with its teeth and claws and died [...]

Roman Corinth and St. Paul

By | 2017-07-06T23:10:42+00:00 July 6th, 2017|Government, Greeks, History|

The Temple of Octavia in Corinth, dedicated to the sister of the emperor Augustus After the Macedonians conquered Corinth in 338 BC, Corinth was not as powerful as it had been before. But Corinth was still an important port during the Hellenistic period. When the Romans conquered Greece in the 100s BC, they [...]

Corinth in the Classical period

By | 2017-07-06T23:04:52+00:00 July 6th, 2017|Government, Greeks, History|

Corinthian aryballos (perfume jar) in the shape of an owl (now in the Louvre, Paris) In the 800s and 700s BC, Corinth was very wealthy from trade and from selling their perfume in little fancy pottery jars. Corinthian traders also  sold the jars themselves. But by the late 700s BC, the Athenians had [...]

Ancient Corinth – Mycenaean and Archaic

By | 2017-07-06T22:57:53+00:00 July 6th, 2017|Government, Greeks, History|

Corinth, with the high city - Akrocorinth - in the background Corinth was a town right where southern Greece and northern Greece come together. It was certainly a Mycenaean city, because Mycenaean pottery has been found in excavations at Corinth. In Greek mythology, Corinth (CORE-inth) was where Jason and Medea lived. During the [...]