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All about the continent of Africa, from prehistory to modern times, with maps, environment, history, art, architecture, food, clothing, and more.

Medieval African clothing – more and more cotton

By | 2017-10-02T17:38:01+00:00 October 2nd, 2017|Africa, Clothing|

Cotton cloth made in Gujarat, India andfound in Fustat (Cairo, Egypt) - ca. 800 AD(Now in Oxford, England) People first began to weave cotton in India, also around 2000 BC, but cotton weaving soon spread to Egypt, and all down the east side of Africa. By the 400s AD, the people of Meroe and Kush were growing and weaving cotton for their clothes. Before 800 AD, [...]

Life in ancient Africa – gender, slavery, food, clothing

By | 2017-10-02T12:29:29+00:00 October 2nd, 2017|Africa, People|

Mary and Jesus, from Ethiopia (ca. 1500 AD) (Now in the J. Paul Getty Museum) Ancient African society didn't have the huge differences between rich and poor people that plagued Europe and Asia. North Africa, being part of the Mediterranean community, was an exception. But south of the Sahara even kings and queens were not so much richer [...]

Who built Great Zimbabwe? Central African history

By | 2017-10-29T12:08:12+00:00 October 2nd, 2017|Africa, History|

Great Zimbabwe Besides South Africa, central Africa is the most isolated part of Africa - for many years, the people who lived here saw almost nobody from outside their own area. So it took longer for people in Central Africa to find out about new inventions. But even so, some historians think that people [...]

Colonization timeline – 1500 AD to modern times

By | 2017-10-13T13:08:47+00:00 September 10th, 2017|Africa, History, When|

Tenochtitlan under attack (painted in the 1600s) Beginning about 1500 AD, Europeans took advantage of new advances in sail technology to invade and take over most of the world beyond Europe. Their colonization had disastrous effects for the people they conquered. The Europeans began by sailing down the Atlantic coast of Africa. They went around Africa to India. And [...]

Before 10,000 BC – World history timeline

By | 2017-09-10T15:46:03+00:00 September 10th, 2017|Africa, History|

Sibidu Cave, South Africa. People lived here from about 77,000 BC until about 38,000 years ago. In the early years of human history, beginning with the earliest humans about two million years ago, every place in the world was in the Stone Age, and all the people in the world got their food by hunting and gathering. For a [...]

What is yellow fever? – History of medicine

By | 2017-09-07T10:33:48+00:00 September 7th, 2017|Africa, Science|

Kids with yellow fever in Mississippi about 1870. See how all the people are white? The hospital wasn't letting black kids in, or hiring black women as nurses. The virus that causes yellow fever probably evolved from an earlier virus that didn't make people sick. The first cases of yellow fever may have been in East or Central [...]

What is malaria? History of diseases and medicine

By | 2017-09-07T08:22:43+00:00 September 7th, 2017|Africa, Science|

A baby with malaria (from World Health Organization) You catch malaria by being bitten by a mosquito that has malaria parasites living inside it. (Female mosquitoes bite people to get blood. That gives them enough energy to make baby mosquitoes.) When the mosquito bites you, the malaria parasites go from the mosquito's mouth into your blood. [...]

Where do folding fans come from? History of fans

By | 2017-10-10T15:45:33+00:00 September 5th, 2017|Africa, Science|

Tutankhamon's ostrich feather fan (Egypt, ca. 1300 BC) Chimpanzees use a stick with leaves on it, or just a big leaf, to chase away flies. They can't cool themselves by creating a breeze, because their hair insulates them, but the earliest people who had evolved hairless skin probably quickly started to use big leaves and leafy sticks as fans in hot [...]

What is flint good for? Stone tools

By | 2017-09-05T12:53:38+00:00 September 5th, 2017|Africa, Prehistory, Science|

Flint is a sedimentary rock. Flint is a kind of sedimentary rock. It's pretty common; you can find flint all over  China, West Asia, North Africa, and Europe. Flint is easier to knapp (to shape) than a lot of other kinds of stone, and it will hold a sharp edge longer, so in the Stone Age people made most [...]

Terence – Plays – Roman literature

By | 2017-09-04T08:18:04+00:00 September 4th, 2017|Africa, Literature, Romans|

A page from a manuscript of Terence, written about 825 AD (now in the Vatican) Terence was born about 185 BC, soon after the end of the Second Punic War. His whole name was Publius Terentius Afer. Because he has "Afer" (which means Africa) as part of his name, people think he may have come [...]