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A Roman man making a speech (Florence, about 50 BC) Thanks to VROMA for the image Romans meet Greek philosophy Roman men didn't begin studying philosophy until about 200 BC. At that time, the Romans were conquering Greece. So a lot of Roman soldiers and generals spent a lot of time in Greece, and got a chance to talk [...]
A Roman shepherd, probably a slave (Istanbul, 500s AD) Many Roman people were owned by other people, or by the Roman government, as slaves. Because the Romans didn't really have hourly wage work, or salaried work, as we do now, men and women who didn't own their own land and didn't own businesses of their own were often enslaved. [...]
Roman education outside of school: A Roman teacher home-schooling, about 200 AD Poor kids had to work Roman schools were for rich boys; most Roman kids did not go to school. Like their parents, they worked in the fields hoeing and weeding and plowing as soon as they were old enough. More about Roman farming History of schools [...]
Roman women: an old woman, about 50 AD. The sculptor has made her look silly on purpose to make fun of old women Were women oppressed in ancient Rome? Roman women lived under many restrictions that did not apply to Roman men. Roman women knew that men were treating them unfairly, and they [...]
A fragment of Homer's Iliad on papyrus Only the richest and smartest Roman boys went on from elementary school to high school. Girls generally couldn't go to high school, but sometimes they could be homeschooled. Most towns didn't have a high school, so in order to go to high school you had to leave home [...]
A Roman family on a tombstone Roman definitions of family The Roman idea of family included not just a husband and wife and their children, but also the people they enslaved (if they had any), and free employees. So it meant something more like a household, or a family-owned business. Roman economy Roman women [...]
The tombstone of Tacitus Tacitus' work is as well known for his skill in writing history as it is for the value of the facts he presents. His beautiful and efficient phrasing, his ability to bring characters to life with only a few words, his willingness to present the information fairly and in [...]
A woman from Roman Egypt, holding a notebook and a pen Sulpicia is one of very few Roman women whose poetry managed to last through the ages so we can read it. She lived in Rome in the time of the Roman emperor Augustus, around the same time as Ovid, maybe around 20 BC or so. Sulpicia wrote poetry [...]
Seneca, the Roman philosopher Lucius Annaeus Seneca was one of the great writers of the Julio-Claudianperiod in Rome. He was born in the Roman province of Spain about 3 BC. But his aunt took him to Rome during the reign of the emperor Claudius, so Seneca could get a good education. Seneca's father was a well-known [...]