Ottomans - The Pashas - 1656-1700
Welcome to Study Guides!

The Ottoman Pashas

Venice and the Ottoman Fleet
Venice and the Ottoman Fleet in a naval battle (1661)

Koprulu Mehmed Pasha only ruled for five years before he died, but in that time he rescued the Ottoman navy from the Venetians, and he won battles in the Balkans against Hungary that made the Ottoman Empire bigger. When he died in 1661, his son, Fazil Ahmed Pasha, succeeded him as the real ruler of the Ottoman Empire. Like his father, Fazil Ahmed Pasha fought in the Balkans against Austria, and he also fought in the Ukraine against Poland, and again expanded the Ottoman Empire. Fazil Ahmed Pasha also finally won Crete back from Venice. He also improved the tax system and encouraged trade.

Mustafa Pasha
Kara Mustafa Pasha

The next Grand Vizier, in 1676, was Fazil Ahmed Pasha's brother-in-law, Kara Mustafa Pasha. Kara Mustafa Pasha was less successful than the first two Viziers. He lost most of Ukraine to Peter the Great, the czar of Russia in 1681. Moving west instead of north, Kara Mustafa Pasha besieged Vienna (Austria) in 1683, but here again he lost the battle. As a result he was killed, beginning a period of several years where the Ottomans had no good rulers and kept losing land and getting poorer.

After the Austrians beat the Ottomans in another big battle in 1697, the Ottomans lost control of the Balkans to Austria-Hungary. Amcazade Koprulu Huseyin Pasha became the new Grand Vizier, who immediately had to sign away southern Greece to Venice. Amcazade Huseyin tried to modernize the Ottoman Empire. He minted better quality money, reduced taxes to what people could pay, and encouraged craftsmen to make things instead of buying them from Europe. But by 1702, Amcazade Huseyin lost most of his power to an Islamic imam, Feyzullah Efendi.

Ottomans 1700-1800

Bibliography and further reading about the Ottomans:

Ottomans - 1700-1800
More about West Asia home

LIMITED TIME OFFER FOR TEACHERS: Using this article with your class? Show us your class page where you're using this article, and we'll send you a free subscription so all your students can use Study Guides with no distractions! (Not a teacher? Paid subscriptions are also available for just $16/year!)
Please help other teachers and students find us: link to this page from your class page.
Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram or Twitter, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.
Cite this page
  • Author: K.E. Carr
  • Title:
  • Site Name: Study Guides
  • Publisher:
  • Date Published:
Did you find what you needed? Ask your teacher to link to this page so other people can use it too! Send it in and win a "Great Page!" award!
Sign up for more free articles and special offers in' weekly newsletter:
We will never share your e-mail address unless you allow us to do so. View our privacy policy. Easy unsubscribe links are provided in every email.
Comment on This Article

Does your class page honor diversity, celebrate feminism, and support people of color, LBGTQ people, and people with disabilities? Let us know, and we'll send you a Diversity Banner you can proudly display!
Looking for more? is loading comments...
(Comments will appear after moderation, if they are kind and helpful. Feel free to ask questions, and we'll try to answer them.)
Cite this page
  • Carr, K.E. . Study Guides, . Web. 28 April, 2017