Chavin - History of the Chavin - Peru
Welcome to Quatr.us Study Guides!

Chavin

May 2016 - By around 900 BC, the Norte Chico people of northern Peru developed into the Chavin culture. Like the earlier Norte Chico people, the Chavin people used irrigation to farm potatoes, tomatoes, peanuts, and hot chili peppers. They also farmed corn, but they really ate mostly potatoes and quinoa, which grow better high in the Andes mountains. They hunted deer with spears and with bows and arrows. They kept guinea pigs for their meat. They kept on eating shellfish and hunting seals, and probably preserved fish as they had earlier. And like earlier people, the Chavin people chewed coca leaves.

ruined stone pyramid
Chavin stone temple (Peru, ca. 900 BC)

The Chavin people built a big stone temple at the city of Chavin de Huantar. They still didn't know how to really build stone buildings with a roof, so this temple is mainly solid, like the pyramids in Egypt or ziggurats in Iraq or stupas in India - it's a pile of dirt with stone walls on the outside.

carved pillar with scary face
El Lanzon, a giant pillar
in the Chavin temple caves
- was it meant to scare visitors?

This temple helped the rich people keep control of everybody else by scaring people who visited it: the temple has caves and tunnels under it, so that in the rainy season the echoes sound like a giant jaguar is roaring at you. (Compare this to the Indian rock-cut temples at Ajanta, a little later.) Chavin temple priests seem to have encouraged the use of psychedelic cactus, too.

After a terrible tsunami struck the Pacific coast of Peru about 500 BC, the Chavin took control of the towns that the tidal wave had destroyed. Probably the Chavin were united into a state, because there were lots of different towns that shared the Chavin culture, and they didn't build city walls to protect themselves the way city-states would. Around the same time, the Chavin began to keep llamas as farm animals, for their meat and for their hair (to spin into cloth), and as pack animals. Maybe thanks to the llamas, they began to trade more with their neighbors across the Andes, the Tupi. Around 250 BC, the Chavin people developed into the Moche culture (in northern Peru) and the Nazca culture (in southern Peru).

Go on to the Moche culture

Bibliography and further reading about the Chavin people:

Initial Period
Moche
Aztec
Inca
South America after 1500 AD
Quatr.us home


Please help other teachers and students find us: link to this page from your class page.
Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram, Pinterest, or Twitter, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.
Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram or Twitter, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.
Sign up for more free articles and special offers in Quatr.us' weekly newsletter:
We will never share your e-mail address unless you allow us to do so. View our privacy policy. Easy unsubscribe links are provided in every email.
Check out our new ebook: Short and Simple: Ancient Greek Myths! - just out! Twenty-five easy to read, illustrated stories, from Pandora to Medea, Icarus, and the Trojan Horse (you can read these online as samples). Get it this week for just $14.99, five dollars off the regular price of $19.99.
Cite this page
  • Author: K.E. Carr
  • Title:
  • Site Name: Quatr.us Study Guides
  • Publisher: Quatr.us
  • Date Published:
Did you find what you needed? Ask your teacher to link to this page so other people can use it too! Send it in and win a Quatr.us "Great Page!" award!
Sign up for more free articles and special offers in Quatr.us' weekly newsletter:
We will never share your e-mail address unless you allow us to do so. View our privacy policy. Easy unsubscribe links are provided in every email.
Comment on This Article
Quatr.us is loading comments...
(Comments will appear after moderation, if they are kind and helpful. Feel free to ask questions, and we'll try to answer them.)
Cite this page
  • Carr, K.E. . Quatr.us Study Guides, . Web. 18 August, 2017
ADVERTISEMENT