King David and Israel - Jewish History
Welcome to Study Guides!

King David and Israel

ruined stone walls and people with colored buckets
The temple of Goliath's town, Gath

April 2016 - After they got free from the Philistines, the Jews were independent again for a while, and this is the time of the story of Ruth. At this time the Jews did not have a king, but were ruled by judges. Now (according to the Bible), Ruth's son was named Obed, and his son was named Jesse, and Jesse's son was named David.

When David was a child, maybe around 1000 BC, the Philistines attacked the Jews again. Samuel fought the Philistines, and became a judge and a leader of the Jews. Then the Jews wanted a king, and Samuel made a young man named Saul the first king of the Jews. When David was a young man, about 900 BC, he fought the Philistines too - this is the story of David and Goliath in the Bible.

A video of the story of David and Goliath

Later David became the king of the Jews, and after him Solomon became the king of the Jews. (In November 2005, archaeologists found a piece of pottery in the town of Gath, where the Bible says Goliath came from, which had the name Goliath scratched on it. It probably doesn't mean the same Goliath, but it does show that Goliath really was a name people used in Gath around that time).

Solomon (according to the Bible) built the first stone temple in Jerusalem to hold the Ark of the Covenant, which had inside it the Ten Commandments which God had given to Moses.

The Bible says that Solomon married the Pharaoh's daughter from Egypt, and he also received a visit from the wealthy Queen of Sheba. Sheba was a kingdom in the Arabian Peninsula, probably modern Yemen.

Learn by doing: put on a play or make a video of the David and Goliath story
What came next: Judah

Bibliography and further reading about King David and King Solomon:

More on the Jews (Judah)
More about the Jews (index) home

LIMITED TIME OFFER FOR TEACHERS: Using this article with your class? Show us your class page where you're using this article, and we'll send you a free subscription so all your students can use Study Guides with no distractions! (Not a teacher? Paid subscriptions are also available for just $16/year!)
Please help other teachers and students find us: link to this page from your class page.
Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram or Twitter, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.
Cite this page
  • Author: K.E. Carr
  • Title:
  • Site Name: Study Guides
  • Publisher:
  • Date Published:
Did you find what you needed? Ask your teacher to link to this page so other people can use it too! Send it in and win a "Great Page!" award!
Sign up for more free articles and special offers in' weekly newsletter:
We will never share your e-mail address unless you allow us to do so. View our privacy policy. Easy unsubscribe links are provided in every email.
Comment on This Article

Does your class page honor diversity, celebrate feminism, and support people of color, LBGTQ people, and people with disabilities? Let us know, and we'll send you a Diversity Banner you can proudly display!
Looking for more? is loading comments...
(Comments will appear after moderation, if they are kind and helpful. Feel free to ask questions, and we'll try to answer them.)
Cite this page
  • Carr, K.E. . Study Guides, . Web. 30 April, 2017