Adam and Eve - the first people
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Adam and Eve

Adam and Eve
Adam and Eve eating the apple.
The woman in the tree is the snake
(Notre Dame Cathedral, 1200s AD)

According to the Book of Genesis in the Bible, when God created Adam and Eve, the first man and woman, he placed them in a wonderful place called the Garden of Eden. But God told Adam and Eve not to eat the fruit of the tree that grew in the middle of the garden. A snake came and told Eve to eat the fruit, and she did eat it, and she gave some to Adam, and he ate it too. The Bible doesn't say what kind of fruit, but later on people usually said it was an apple. The fruit was magic, and after they ate it, they knew right from wrong, and they were ashamed of being naked and picked fig leaves to cover themselves with. Then God was angry that they had disobeyed him and made them leave the garden, and from then on they had to work for a living.

(If this can be seen as a sort of memory of the beginning of farming, when people could no longer live by hunting and gathering but had to begin farming to feed themselves and their children, then it would be dated around 10,000 BC).

To buy an excellent Child's Bible, click on the picture (this is the one I learned from, and the one I give my own kids):

Bible stories

Or read about Adam and Eve in the Encyclopedia Britannica.

Cain and Abel
Main Judaism page
Main religion page


Professor Carr

Karen Eva Carr, PhD.
Assoc. Professor Emerita, History
Portland State University

Professor Carr holds a B.A. with high honors from Cornell University in classics and archaeology, and her M.A. and PhD. from the University of Michigan in Classical Art and Archaeology. She has excavated in Scotland, Cyprus, Greece, Israel, and Tunisia, and she has been teaching history to university students for a very long time.

Professor Carr's PSU page

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Now that the weather's nice, try some of these outdoor activities! How about bicycle polo, or archery for a Medieval Islam day? Or kite flying or making a compass for a day in Medieval China? How about making a shaduf for a day in Ancient Egypt? Holding an Ancient Greek Olympic Games or a medieval European tournament? Building a Native American wickiup?