What is a Chi-Rho symbol? Christianity
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What is a Chi-Rho Symbol?

Chi-Rho
(from Cluny Museum in Paris)

The Chi-Rho symbol is an anagram of the first two letters of Christ in Greek, the Chi (our CH) and the Rho (our R). These two letters written together stand for Christianity in the Late Roman and Early Medieval periods.

In case you were wondering, the reason some chi-rho's have a Greek letter alpha (A) on one side of the chi-rho and a Greek letter omega (looks like a W) on the other side (this carving is missing the alpha) is that the Bible says that Jesus said "I am the alpha and the omega, the beginning and the end" (because omega was the last letter of the Greek alphabet, the way Z is our last letter in English).

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Professor Carr

Karen Eva Carr, PhD.
Assoc. Professor Emerita, History
Portland State University

Professor Carr holds a B.A. with high honors from Cornell University in classics and archaeology, and her M.A. and PhD. from the University of Michigan in Classical Art and Archaeology. She has excavated in Scotland, Cyprus, Greece, Israel, and Tunisia, and she has been teaching history to university students for a very long time.

Professor Carr's PSU page

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With Mother's Day coming up, remember the Mother Goddesses: Mut, Isis, Gaia, Hera, Demeter, Parvati, and the Corn Mother. And honor powerful mothers: Ankhesenpepi II, Agrippina, Wu Chao, Blanche of Castile, Catherine de' Medici, Hamida Banu and Nur Jahan, Nurbanu Sultan, Sofia Baffo, Xiaozhuang, Anne of Austria. A great Mother's Day story: Kleobis and Biton.