Book of Acts - Acts of the Apostles
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Acts of the Apostles

Judas was sorry (mosaic from Ravenna, 500s AD)

April 2016 - After Jesus was crucified (put on the cross), we still don't have any information except from the Bible for a while. The Bible says that after three days in his tomb, Jesus rose from the dead and appeared to some of his followers, and then rose up into heaven to become one with God. This was called the Resurrection, and medieval Christians celebrated its anniversary at Easter every year.

Jesus' followers, left behind on earth, were not sure what to do at first. One story says that Judas was sorry and tried to give the money back. Another story says that Peter denied being a Christian three times before the rooster crowed the next morning (this story may be related to Zoroastrian ideas about the rooster crowing at dawn meaning the return of light conquering darkness).

The Bible says that Jesus' friends (the apostles) travelled around West Asia and other parts of the Roman Empire preaching the things that Jesus had told them. Often they preached in synagogues. The apostles also said that when Jesus was crucified, he sacrificed himself for everybody else who believed in him, and so now the Jewish animal sacrifices were not needed anymore. Sometimes when the apostles came to a town, people were glad to listen to what they had to say, and even became Christians (followers of Christ) themselves. Sometimes the people didn't like these new ideas and threw the apostles out of town.

Learn by doing: read some of the Book of Acts for yourself
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Bibliography and further reading about early Christianity:

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Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram or Twitter, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.
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  • Carr, K.E. . Study Guides, . Web. 28 April, 2017