Saturn - Planets - why does Saturn have rings? answers questions
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Saturn from space
Saturn from space

After Jupiter, Saturn is the next farthest planet out from our Sun. In some ways, Saturn is a lot like Jupiter - it's very cold, and it's mostly made of an ocean of hydrogen molecules, with some helium and a little bit of other things. Like Jupiter and the other planets around our Sun, Saturn (SAA-tern) probably formed about 4.5 billion years ago. It takes Saturn about 29.5 of our years to go once around the Sun.

Saturn's rings make it easy to tell apart from the other planets. The rings are mostly made of ice, with some dust mixed in. These rings might be the remains of moons that got blown up or fell apart. In addition to the rings, Saturn also has more than sixty moons. Saturn's biggest moon, Titan, is bigger than the planet Mercury (but smaller than Jupiter's moon Ganymede). It's the only moon in our solar system that has a significant atmosphere. One funny thing about Saturn is that on Saturn the North and South poles are the warmest places on the planet - sometimes as warm as negative 122 degrees Celsius! (That's still very very cold.)

If you went to Saturn, you wouldn't find anything to stand on, because the surface is all a sort of ocean of liquid hydrogen. Plus, there's a good chance that it rains drops of ammonia there, and there are very fast winds there all the time (faster than a hurricane on Earth). And there are fierce lightning storms. You might have better luck surviving on Saturn's moon, Titan.

Bibliography and further reading about planets:

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Professor Carr

Karen Eva Carr, PhD.
Assoc. Professor Emerita, History
Portland State University

Professor Carr holds a B.A. with high honors from Cornell University in classics and archaeology, and her M.A. and PhD. from the University of Michigan in Classical Art and Archaeology. She has excavated in Scotland, Cyprus, Greece, Israel, and Tunisia, and she has been teaching history to university students for a very long time.

Professor Carr's PSU page

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Now that the weather's nice, try some of these outdoor activities! How about bicycle polo, or archery for a Medieval Islam day? Or kite flying or making a compass for a day in Medieval China? How about making a shaduf for a day in Ancient Egypt? Holding an Ancient Greek Olympic Games or a medieval European tournament? Building a Native American wickiup?