Crow history - Native Americans
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Crow History

Lake Itasca
Lake Itasca, at the source of the Mississippi River

The Crow call themselves the Apsáalooke, the Bird's Children; Crow is an English translation of Apsáalooke. Around 500 AD the Crow people seem to have been living around the sources of the Mississippi river in Wisconsin or Minnesota, as part of the Hidatsa people, who spoke a language related to Sioux. The Crow were east of the Cheyenne and a little further west than the Mandan, and like both the Cheyenne and the Mandan the Crow people were farmers, growing tobacco as well as corn, squash, sunflowers, and beans. Crow people lived in earth lodges, with several families in each lodge.

South Dakota wetland
South Dakota

Possibly around 1000 AD, when a global warming period made the Sioux push the Mandan further west, the Mandan pushed the Crow further west as well, into what is now North and South Dakota. Like the Mandan, the Crow people kept on farming in the Dakotas, but now they began to hunt buffalo a little too. Crow people had many dogs and used them to pull travois (sleds) as well as to help in hunting.

Learn by doing: eat some sunflower seeds
Later Crow history

Bibliography and further reading about Crow history:

Sioux history
Mandan history
Cree history
More Native Americans
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Professor Carr

Karen Eva Carr, PhD.
Assoc. Professor Emerita, History
Portland State University

Professor Carr holds a B.A. with high honors from Cornell University in classics and archaeology, and her M.A. and PhD. from the University of Michigan in Classical Art and Archaeology. She has excavated in Scotland, Cyprus, Greece, Israel, and Tunisia, and she has been teaching history to university students for a very long time.

Professor Carr's PSU page

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