Native American Games - Lacrosse and other Native American games
Welcome to Quatr.us Study Guides!

North American Games

Cherokee lacrosse
Cherokee lacrosse players from 1888

May 2016 - People who lived in North America played both active games and the kind where you can sit down. Their favorite active game was lacrosse. Or actually lacrosse and a lot of other games that you play with a stick and a ball, with rules that were different in different parts of the country. In lacrosse, as in soccer, the most basic rule is that you can't touch the ball with your hands. You pick the ball up with a net on the end of a stick and use the stick to throw the ball. People played lacrosse mainly in the eastern half of North America, mostly in the Southeast and the Midwest around the Great Lakes. This would be the land of the Cherokee, the Choctaw, the Chickasaw, the Iroquois, and the Ojibwa.

One way that lacrosse was different in different places was that they used different sticks. The Cherokee and Choctaw, and people living near them in the Southeast, used two sticks, one for each hand, and they picked up the ball by pinching it between the two sticks. The Ojibwa used a stick with a hard wooden cup at the end. The Iroquois used the stick we know today, with the net at one end to catch the ball.

native people swimming
Hidatsa (Mandan) people swimming (1833)

Many Native Americans also liked to swim. Most Native people spent a lot of time on the water, fishing or gathering shellfish, and Native children learned how to swim as soon as they learned to walk.

Another active game that Mississippian people liked was "chunkey". To play this, one person throws a big stone disk (like a hockey puck) and then you tried to throw your spear closest to where the disk was going to roll.

Arapaho stick dice
Arapaho stick dice

People also played the kind of game where you can sit down. All across North America people tossed flat sticks the way Eurasians threw dice to play games with. Inuit people played a game where each player gets a bag of small seal bones and the winner is the one who can assemble his bones into the right layout for a seal's flipper in the shortest time. It's kind of a jigsaw puzzle contest, but also a game of chance, because you don't necessarily get all the bones you need in your bag.

Learn by doing: play the Inuit game with paper pieces
More about American swimming
American games after the Europeans invaded

Bibliography and further reading about early Native American games:

American Games after the Europeans invaded
More History of Games
More about Native Americans
Quatr.us home


For Presidents' Day, check out our articles about Washington in the Revolutionary War and Lincoln in the Civil War. Find out about the Constitution, the Bill of Rights and the other Amendments, and how Washington promised to include freedom of religion.
Please help other teachers and students find us: link to this page from your class page.
Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram or Twitter.
Cite this page
  • Author: K.E. Carr
  • Title:
  • Site Name: Quatr.us Study Guides
  • Publisher: Quatr.us
  • Date Published:
Proud of your class page, homework page, or resource page? Send it in and win a Quatr.us "Great Page!" award!
Sign up for more free articles and special offers in Quatr.us' weekly newsletter:
We will never share your e-mail address unless you allow us to do so. View our privacy policy. Easy unsubscribe links are provided in every email.
Comment on This Article

Cool stuff we've been enjoying: Looking for birthday gifts? Check out these new Chromebooks - all the computer you need for only $229.00!. Then study in peace with these Beats wireless headphones - for the exact same price! When you're done, show off your presentation or watch a movie with this excellent smartphone projector for only $39.99!


Does your class page honor diversity, celebrate feminism, and support people of color, LBGTQ people, and people with disabilities? Let us know, and we'll send you a Diversity Banner you can proudly display!
Looking for more?
ADVERTISEMENT
Quatr.us is loading comments...
(Comments will appear after moderation, if they are kind and helpful. Feel free to ask questions, and we'll try to answer them.)
Cite this page
  • Carr, K.E. . Quatr.us Study Guides, . Web. 22 February, 2017
ADVERTISEMENT