Anne of Austria, Queen of France
Welcome to Quatr.us Study Guides!

Anne of Austria

Anne of Austria
Anne of Austria

Cardinal Richelieu died in 1642 AD and Louis XIII died the next year, in 1643. Louis' wife, Anne of Austria, ruled after him as regent for her four year old son, Louis XIV. Anne was in good company: in the 1640s women also ruled China, Iran, and the Ottoman Empire. Anne formed a partnership with the Catholic cardinal Mazarin, who had gone to Jesuit schools.

In 1648, when Louis was seven years old, a big riot led by the rich lords in Paris frightened Anne and Louis. They wanted to get power for themselves, like Oliver Cromwell and his allies in England at the same time. When Louis was twelve, rioters even came into his bedroom when he was in bed. Anne succeeded in keeping control of the government, but she and Louis both came out of this riot determined to get power away from the feudal lords and into their own hands. Louis didn't want to be killed like King Charles of England!

Mazarin
Mazarin

Anne and Mazarin, like other rulers of their time in Russia, China, and West Asia, worked hard to build a strong government that would be able to rule all of France as one united country. But Anne and Mazarin also kept forcing enslaved Africans to make sugar in the Caribbean, and they kept trying to get more power in India and Canada and along the Mississippi River.

Anne and Mazarin ruled well together for almost twenty years. Mazarin died when he and Anne were both 59 years old, in 1661. By this time Louis was 23 years old. Anne chose to retire at this point, and Louis took over ruling France.

Learn by doing: talk to a woman who runs a business or is an elected official
More about Louis XIV and French History

Bibliography and further reading about French history:

Ottoman Empire
Russia
United States
Quatr.us home


Please help other teachers and students find us: link to this page from your class page.
Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram, Pinterest, or Twitter, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.
Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram or Twitter, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.
Sign up for more free articles and special offers in Quatr.us' weekly newsletter:
We will never share your e-mail address unless you allow us to do so. View our privacy policy. Easy unsubscribe links are provided in every email.
Check out our new ebook: Short and Simple: Ancient Greek Myths! - just out! Twenty-five easy to read, illustrated stories, from Pandora to Medea, Icarus, and the Trojan Horse (you can read these online as samples). Get it this week for just $14.99, five dollars off the regular price of $19.99.
Cite this page
  • Author: K.E. Carr
  • Title:
  • Site Name: Quatr.us Study Guides
  • Publisher: Quatr.us
  • Date Published:
Did you find what you needed? Ask your teacher to link to this page so other people can use it too! Send it in and win a Quatr.us "Great Page!" award!
Sign up for more free articles and special offers in Quatr.us' weekly newsletter:
We will never share your e-mail address unless you allow us to do so. View our privacy policy. Easy unsubscribe links are provided in every email.
Comment on This Article
Quatr.us is loading comments...
(Comments will appear after moderation, if they are kind and helpful. Feel free to ask questions, and we'll try to answer them.)
Cite this page
  • Carr, K.E. . Quatr.us Study Guides, . Web. 20 July, 2017
ADVERTISEMENT