Anastasius to Justin - Byzantine Emperors
Welcome to Study Guides!

Anastasius to Justin

When Zeno died in 491 AD, his widow Ariadne chose one of Zeno's advisors, Anastasius, to become the new emperor (and she married him too). Zeno had left the Empire in good shape, with plenty of money in the treasury. Anastasius was an older man when he became emperor, in his early sixties, and he was very careful with money, so that the treasury did very well under Anastasius as well, though he got a reputation for being a skin-flint (a miser).

Anastasius fought a long war with the Sassanians which ended after three years with both sides so tired out that they agreed to just give back whatever they had conquered and have everything the way it was before the war began.

Anastasius lived to bevery old - nearly ninety! - and had a long reign and a long marriage to Ariadne. Ariadne died in 515 AD, and Anastasius followed her three years later in 518 AD, without any sons. Justin, who was the captain of Anastasius' bodyguards, made himself emperor, and announced that he had been Anastasius' choice, though that's probably not true.

Justin, like Anastasius, was also an old man when he got into power. He was about 70 years old when Anastasius died. Because he had always been a soldier, people said, he didn't know how to read or write. Justin didn't know much about running an empire, so he depended on his advisers, who luckily did a good job. One of Justin's main advisers was his nephew Justinian, and when Justin began to get sick, in April of 527, he named Justinian as his successor. Justin died in August of the same year, and Justinian became emperor.

Learn by doing: painting icons
More about Justinian

Bibliography and further reading about Anastasius and Justin:

history middle ages byzantium

Oxford Children's History of the World, by Neil Grant (2000). A general history of the world for kids. Good place to start.

Early Medieval Europe, 300-1000, by Roger Collins (1991, 2nd edition 1999). Accurate and well-written.

History of Byzantium: 306-1453, by Timothy Gregory (2005). Also for adults, but more up to date.

Constantinople: The Forgotten Empire, by Isaac Asimov (1967). This book for kids got many future Byzantinists started on their path. It's out of print, but you can get it used.

More Byzantine emperors - Justinian
More Medieval Europe home

LIMITED TIME OFFER FOR TEACHERS: Using this article with your class? Show us your class page where you're using this article, and we'll send you a free subscription so all your students can use Study Guides with no distractions! (Not a teacher? Paid subscriptions are also available for just $16/year!)
Please help other teachers and students find us: link to this page from your class page.
Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram or Twitter, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.
Cite this page
  • Author: K.E. Carr
  • Title:
  • Site Name: Study Guides
  • Publisher:
  • Date Published:
Did you find what you needed? Ask your teacher to link to this page so other people can use it too! Send it in and win a "Great Page!" award!
Sign up for more free articles and special offers in' weekly newsletter:
We will never share your e-mail address unless you allow us to do so. View our privacy policy. Easy unsubscribe links are provided in every email.
Comment on This Article

Does your class page honor diversity, celebrate feminism, and support people of color, LBGTQ people, and people with disabilities? Let us know, and we'll send you a Diversity Banner you can proudly display!
Looking for more? is loading comments...
(Comments will appear after moderation, if they are kind and helpful. Feel free to ask questions, and we'll try to answer them.)
Cite this page
  • Carr, K.E. . Study Guides, . Web. 28 April, 2017