Medieval German Art
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Medieval German Art

ivory plaque
Evangelists on an ivory plaque, Cologne(?), ca. 1000 AD
(Now in Metropolitan Museum, New York)

At first, German art after the fall of Rome was a lot like Visigothic or Merovingian art. People call German art made after the 900s AD "Ottonian" after the German emperors who were ruling at that time. Because these Otto emperors thought of themselves as being Holy Roman Emperors, putting the old Roman Empire back together, they liked art that looked Roman, or that at least reminded them of ancient Rome (while still being clearly Christian). German artists at this time were much more skilled than artists in France or England, or even Constantinople.

German art
German Knights with Couched Lances,
from an encyclopedia of warfare, 1028 AD

After the Ottonian period in art, between about 1000 AD and 1200 AD, came the Romanesque, where people built many big stone churches and castles in Germany. These were big, heavy buildings that showed how powerful the Holy Roman Emperors were. The cathedral at Mainz is a good example. The style was not very different from how people were building at the same time in France and Italy, showing how architects often travelled from one place to another, all across Europe.

painted wood woman sheltering the poor
Michael Erhart, Ravensburg Germany,
ca. 1500 AD (now in Berlin)

We call the last period of German medieval art Gothic. Gothic art is also pretty much the same in Germany as in France and Italy - it began in France, but soon spread to both Germany and Italy (much of Italy was pretty much ruled by Germany at this time anyway). In Germany, where there was plenty of wood, sculptors carved many statues of painted wood. The figures have heavy, rich robes and cloaks.

Learn by doing: build a castle
More about Russian art

Bibliography and further reading about medieval art

Romanesque art
Gothic art
More medieval art
Medieval Europe
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Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram, Pinterest, or Twitter, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.
Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram or Twitter, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.
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