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Definition of a Square - Geometry - Area of a Square
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Squares

Square
Square

A square is a flat shape, in one plane, defined by four points at the four corners. A square has four sides all of equal length, and four corners, all right angles (90 degree angles). A square is a kind of rectangle.

To figure out the area of a square, you multiply the length by the width. Because the length and the width are always the same, you could also say that you square the length of any one side of the square (that's why they call it the "square"). To figure out the perimeter of the square, you can add the lengths of all the sides together, or multiply one side by four, because all the sides are the same length. So if your square has sides 5 centimeters long, the area of the square is 25 square centimeters, and the perimeter of the square is 20 centimeters.

rubiks cube
Cube

If you move a square through space, you get a solid form called a cube. If you divide a square in half diagonally from corner to corner, you get two right triangles.

More about Rectangles
More about Parallelograms
More about Geometry

Bibliography and further reading about geometry:

More about Geometry
More Easy Math
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Professor Carr

Karen Eva Carr, PhD.
Assoc. Professor Emerita, History
Portland State University

Professor Carr holds a B.A. with high honors from Cornell University in classics and archaeology, and her M.A. and PhD. from the University of Michigan in Classical Art and Archaeology. She has excavated in Scotland, Cyprus, Greece, Israel, and Tunisia, and she has been teaching history to university students for a very long time.

Professor Carr's PSU page

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