Where any two lines cross each other, they form four angles. These angles are parts of a circle (as you can see from the green circle segments), so, like a circle, they have to add up to 360 degrees. If the two lines are perpendicular to each other, then the four angles are each a quarter of the circle, so they're each 90 degrees. We call that a right angle. Squares and rectangles, because their sides are perpendicular to each other, each have four right angles.
If the two lines that cross are not perpendicular to each other, but skew, then they'll form four angles of which two will be acute - smaller than 90 degrees - and two will be obtuse - bigger than 90 degrees. But they'll still add up to 360 degrees altogether. In this picture, angles 1 and 3 are acute, while angles 2 and 4 are obtuse.
All triangles have three angles, and those angles add up to 180 degrees - half a circle. If the sides of the triangle are all the same length, the angles are all the same size too. So an equilateral triangle has three angles that are each 60 degrees. An isoceles triangle has two angles that are the same, and one angle that is different. A right triangle has one angle that is 90 degrees, and the other two angles have to add up to 90 between them.
Learn by doing: find some angles in your house and figure out how many degrees they are.
More about Geometry
Bibliography and further reading about geometry:
Karen Eva Carr, PhD.
Assoc. Professor Emerita, History
Portland State University
Professor Carr holds a B.A. with high honors from Cornell University in classics and archaeology, and her M.A. and PhD. from the University of Michigan in Classical Art and Archaeology. She has excavated in Scotland, Cyprus, Greece, Israel, and Tunisia, and she has been teaching history to university students for a very long time.
More about Professor Carr's work on the Portland State University website
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