Map of Viking expansion in the Early Middle Ages
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Vikings Map

Vikings

In the Early Middle Ages, perhaps encouraged by the Medieval Warm Period, the Vikings began to leave Scandinavia on raiding and trade expeditions. They travelled across Russia to the Caspian Sea to sell furs, slaves, and amber and buy steel on the Silk Road. They sold their steel all around the Baltic Sea, and they also raided down the Atlantic Coast. Some of them conquered England in 1066 AD. Others fought for the Byzantines at the Battle of Manzikert in Turkey in 1071 AD, and in 1096 AD some of them led the First Crusade to Jerusalem.

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More about the Vikings

Bibliography and further reading about the Vikings:

More about the Vikings
Normans
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Professor Carr

Karen Eva Carr, PhD.
Assoc. Professor Emerita, History
Portland State University

Professor Carr holds a B.A. with high honors from Cornell University in classics and archaeology, and her M.A. and PhD. from the University of Michigan in Classical Art and Archaeology. She has excavated in Scotland, Cyprus, Greece, Israel, and Tunisia, and she has been teaching history to university students for a very long time.

Professor Carr's PSU page

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