Aegean Sea Map - the Mediterranean between Greece and Turkey
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Aegean Sea Map

Aegean Sea Map
The Aegean Sea

The Aegean Sea (eh-GEE-un) is a small ocean between Greece and Turkey, full of little islands. It is in the north-east corner of the Mediterranean Sea.


Video of the Aegean Sea

People have been sailing on the Aegean Sea since at least 5000 BC, when people began to trade in obsidian from the island of Melos. It was pretty easy to sail in the Aegean because you could go from island to island without being out of sight of land most of the time.

Some important historical events that happened on the Aegean Sea include the Ionian Revolt, the Battle of Marathon, the Battle of Salamis, the Athenian Empire, the Peloponnesian War, the massacre at Melos, the Battle of Actium, the founding of Constantinople, and the conquest of Constantinople by the Ottoman Empire.

Learn by doing: check out some obsidian in a rock shop
More about Ancient Greece

Or check out the Aegean Sea article in the Encyclopedia Britannica.

Bibliography and further reading about the Aegean Sea:

Maps index
More about ancient Greece
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Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram or Twitter, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.
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