Muslim India - Islamic rule in India
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Muslim India

The Rajput Kingdoms fought off the invading Abbasid Arabs, who had just conquered Iran, from the 600s AD to about 1000 AD. But then the Abbasid army succeeded in invading and taking control of a large part of northern India (and what is now Pakistan). Little by little, many Hindus and Buddhists in northern India decided to convert to the Islamic faith of their new rulers.

Southern India never came under Islamic control, and remained Hindu. The Cholas ruled most of south India, and then the Pandyas.

The Arabs set up a very successful government in northern India. But their government didn't last very long. By about 1100 AD it was taken over by the Delhi Sultanate.

Learn by doing: visit a mosque
Muslim architecture in India
Delhi Sultanate

Bibliography and further reading about Muslim India:

Delhi Sultanate
Chola Empire in South India
More about Ancient India
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Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram or Twitter.
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