Cattle were probably the
most important animals in India for people. Indian people did not eat
cows, because Hindus thought
of cows as sacred. But people used cows to pull carts, and for plowing
fields, and also used cows' milk to make yogurt.
People in India also got a lot of their milk from water buffaloes. Children (both boys and girls) often went out with the water buffaloes to take
them out to their pastures and to water.
Chickens reached India from Thailand or China
about 2500 BC, and have been common in India
since that time. Sheep and goats
arrived from West Asia
probably about the same time. Camels,
on the other hand, were not common in India until the Islamic
invasions around 1000 AD.
There were also a lot of wild animals in India. Tigers and monkeys and big snakes lived in the forests in some parts of India.
Monkeys and deer
Elephants were born in the wild, but sometimes men caught and tamed
them. These elephants pulled trees for building houses, carried heavy
loads, and fought in battles. People also used the ivory from elephant tusks to carve statues and make jewelry.
Bibliography and further reading about the Indian environment:
Karen Eva Carr, PhD.
Assoc. Professor Emerita, History
Portland State University
Professor Carr holds a B.A. with high honors from Cornell University in classics and archaeology, and her M.A. and PhD. from the University of Michigan in Classical Art and Archaeology. She has excavated in Scotland, Cyprus, Greece, Israel, and Tunisia, and she has been teaching history to university students for a very long time.
More about Professor Carr's work on the Portland State University website
Today's special find from Amazon:
This is a great kit: mold your own human skeleton, put it together, attach the magnets and stick it to your fridge! Learn what's inside your body.
Quatr.us began in 1995 as a student project funded by Portland State University. For the last fifteen years, Quatr.us (formerly "History for Kids") has been entirely independent of the University, using ads to keep the service free.
Quatr.us now has about 3000 articles, all researched and written inhouse by university professors; we try to add a new article every day. About 30,000 people a day visit Quatr.us (that's about a million people a month!), from every country in the world. Our many awards include the Encyclopedia Britannica's Best of Web 2009.