Ancient Greek Sewage
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Ancient Greek Sewage

big clay pot shaped like a high chair with a hole in the seat
Child's high chair/potty seat (Athens, ca. 580 BC)

June 2016 - Most Greek towns had no sewage system, and just latrines for bathrooms. According to Aristophanes, a lot of men just went in the street, wherever they happened to be. Women and girls usually went inside, using a chamber pot, and then they emptied that into the street.

greek vase painting of women standing by a water fountain
A Greek public fountain

Because their sewage just drained into the nearest stream or river, the water in towns was not safe to drink. So the bigger Greek cities like Athens or Corinth built public fountains, with the water piped in from out of town, where it was cleaner.

a man grabs a woman's breast when she's getting water - greek vase
Man harassing women getting water
(now in Brussels, R346)

Greek women spent a lot of their time going to the public fountain to get water. They had to carry home all the water that their family drank, or cooked with, or washed in, or did laundry in, or cleaned with. Richer women sent their slaves, but poor women went themselves. People thought of these trips to the fountain as dangerous for women, who were often harassed or assaulted by strange men there. And it was very heavy to carry the water.

greek vase of two women talking at the water fountain
This woman is so busy talking
that she doesn't notice
the water isn't going into her pot!

But the trips to get water every day - probably twice a day - were also a good chance for both free women and slaves to see their friends and catch up on the news. Greek women didn't get to leave their houses much, so this was probably something they looked forward to.

Learn by doing: carry a full bucket of water to the end of your block.
More about chamber pots
More about Roman sewage systems

Bibliography and further reading about Greek water and sewage systems:

Eyewitness: Ancient Greece , by Anne Pearson. Easy reading.

Water Management in Ancient Greek Cities, by Dora P. Crouch (1993). By a specialist, for specialists.

Roman sewage page
More about Ancient Greece
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Professor Carr

Karen Eva Carr, PhD.
Assoc. Professor Emerita, History
Portland State University

Professor Carr holds a B.A. with high honors from Cornell University in classics and archaeology, and her M.A. and PhD. from the University of Michigan in Classical Art and Archaeology. She has excavated in Scotland, Cyprus, Greece, Israel, and Tunisia, and she has been teaching history to university students for a very long time.

Professor Carr's PSU page

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