Menelaus and Helen - Troy
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Who was Menelaus?

Sparta
Sparta today

Menelaus was the son of Atreus, the brother of Agamemnon. Menelaus was the king of Sparta, because he had married Helen, the daughter of the old king of Sparta. He was married to Helen when Paris took Helen away to Troy, and it was Menelaus who insisted that his brother Agamemnon had to lead the Greek army to Troy to get Helen back - even at the cost of sacrificing Agamemnon's daughter (and Menelaus' niece) Iphigeneia.

a soldier carrying a dead man
Menelaus carrying Patroclos' body
(Roman copy, now in Florence)

During the Trojan War, Menelaus fought bravely. It was Menelaus who brought Patroclus' body back to Achilles after Patroclos was killed.

After the Trojan War, Menelaus got Helen back and he sailed home with her. They didn't have any trouble getting home. They went right back to living in their house in Sparta and apparently got along fine. They appear in Homer's Odyssey.

Learn by doing:
More about the Trojan War

Bibliography and further reading about Menelaus:

The Pride of Lions: The Story of the House of Atreus, by Norma Johnston (2002, unfortunately out of print right now, but maybe your library can find it). For teens.

The Iliad of Homer (Oxford Myths and Legends), by Barbara Leonie Picard. A retelling of the story.

Approaches to Teaching Homer's Iliad and Odyssey, by Kostas Myrsiades (1987).

The Iliad (Penguin Classics) by Homer. Translated by Robert Fagles.

The World of Odysseus, by Moses Finley and Bernard Knox (1954). A standard for anyone interested in Homer.

More about Helen of Troy
Ancient Greece
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Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram, Pinterest, or Twitter, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.
Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram or Twitter, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.
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