Hellenistic Greek Sculpture - Ancient Greece
Welcome to Quatr.us Study Guides!

Hellenistic Sculpture

At the end of the 400s BC, Greece, and especially Athens, was devastated by a terrible war which involved nearly all the Greek city-states, the Peloponnesian War. The end of the war left the Greeks too poor for much sculpture, but when people did begin creating new sculpture again it was in a new style. There is more emotion, especially sad feelings like grief. There is more interest in children and women, who are sometimes shown without clothes now. Portraits of individuals also became more popular, and sculptures of a wider range of people including slaves, foreigners, people with disabilities, and mythical creatures like satyrs and fauns.

There are several famous sculptors from the Hellenistic period. One was Praxiteles (pracks-IT-uh-lees), who worked around 340 BC (the same time as Aristotle). Praxiteles carved a statue of Hermes and the infant Dionysos.

veiled woman dancing
Veiled dancer (now in the Metropolitan Museum)
man with dwarfism dancing
A man with dwarfism dancing
(now in Walters Art Gallery)

Praxiteles also carved a statue of Aphrodite which was so lifelike (people say) that men actually fell in love with it and tried to kiss it. But this one does not survive, only a later Roman version.

girl sitting down
Seated girl (Capitoline Museum, Rome)

Hellenistic statues show a new confidence. The figures move and twist in all directions. People in the rest of Europe and all across West Asia, Central Asia, and India also admired and imitated Hellenistic Greek sculpture.

Learn by doing: make a clay figurine of someone doing something
More about the Hellenistic period

Bibliography and further reading about Hellenistic sculpture:

Hellenistic Sculpture, by R.R.R. Smith (1991). Not so easy to read, but a good straightforward approach.

Art in the Hellenistic Age, by J. J. Pollitt (1986). This is more theoretical than Smith's book, and might be harder going. It is more about why Hellenistic artists worked the way they did, rather than just a list of what they made.

Greek painting
More about Ancient Greece
Quatr.us home


For Presidents' Day, check out our articles about Washington in the Revolutionary War and Lincoln in the Civil War. Find out about the Constitution, the Bill of Rights and the other Amendments, and how Washington promised to include freedom of religion.
Please help other teachers and students find us: link to this page from your class page.
Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram or Twitter.
Cite this page
  • Author: K.E. Carr
  • Title:
  • Site Name: Quatr.us Study Guides
  • Publisher: Quatr.us
  • Date Published:
Proud of your class page, homework page, or resource page? Send it in and win a Quatr.us "Great Page!" award!
Sign up for more free articles and special offers in Quatr.us' weekly newsletter:
We will never share your e-mail address unless you allow us to do so. View our privacy policy. Easy unsubscribe links are provided in every email.
Comment on This Article

Cool stuff we've been enjoying: Looking for birthday gifts? Check out these new Chromebooks - all the computer you need for only $229.00!. Then study in peace with these Beats wireless headphones - for the exact same price! When you're done, show off your presentation or watch a movie with this excellent smartphone projector for only $39.99!


Does your class page honor diversity, celebrate feminism, and support people of color, LBGTQ people, and people with disabilities? Let us know, and we'll send you a Diversity Banner you can proudly display!
Looking for more?
ADVERTISEMENT
Quatr.us is loading comments...
(Comments will appear after moderation, if they are kind and helpful. Feel free to ask questions, and we'll try to answer them.)
Cite this page
  • Carr, K.E. . Quatr.us Study Guides, . Web. 22 February, 2017
ADVERTISEMENT