By 400 BC, Greek architects had added a third
type of column to the old Doric and Ionic
styles. People called the new style the Corinthian column, after the city of
Corinth. The Greeks
never actually used the Corinthian column that much, but the Romans
used it a lot.
Roman temple in the Corinthian style,
Nimes in southern France.
The Corinthian style is fancier and heavier than the Ionic
style. In Corinthian temples, the columns have a fancier base
to stand on. At the top of the columns, on the capital, there's
a stone carving of acanthus leaves, under the architrave (ARR-kuh-trayv).
On the architrave, as in Ionic temples, there is a continuous frieze
where the triglyphs and metopes
would be on a Doric temple.
One example of a Corinthian temple is the Pantheon.
Another is the Temple
of Castor in the Roman
forum, and a third is this temple at Nimes, across the Alps in France.
Bibliography and further reading about Greek architectural orders:
Greek Architects at Work, by J. J. Coulton (1982). An interesting
look at how Greek architects worked.
Architecture, by A. W. Lawrence, R. A. Tomlinson (5th edition
1996). Might be a bit out of date.
Karen Eva Carr, PhD.
Assoc. Professor Emerita, History
Portland State University
Professor Carr holds a B.A. with high honors from Cornell University in classics and archaeology, and her M.A. and PhD. from the University of Michigan in Classical Art and Archaeology. She has excavated in Scotland, Cyprus, Greece, Israel, and Tunisia, and she has been teaching history to university students for a very long time.
More about Professor Carr's work on the Portland State University website
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