Bronze Age art of Northern Europe answers questions

Bronze Age European Art

horseman with raised spear chasing antlered elk
Valmonica, Italy (ca. 2000 BC?)

Bronze Age artists kept on carving rock art all across Europe, using it to show the new horses and wagons, weapons and plows brought by the Indo-Europeans.

boat with many oars
Boat (Tanum, Sweden, ca. 1700 BC)

Further north, Scandinavian artists carved their boats as well as their horses and plows and weapons. Abstract patterns of rectangles, circles and dots continued to be popular alongside these scenes of power and daily life.

two men fighting with axes
Men fighting with axes (Tanum, Sweden, ca. 1000 BC)

Although artists carved a lot of fertility figurines and pretty women in the Stone Age, they didn't make any in the European Bronze Age. Instead there are many scenes of weapons and fighting, which were not present in the Stone Age.

gold bowl with complicated decorations
Eberswalde bowl (Central Europe,
ca. 900 BC, now in Russia)
short cape made of gold
Mold gold cape (Britain, ca. 1800 BC),
now in the British Museum

Perhaps in order to attract and pay off followers to fight in their wars, chiefs collected and distributed complicated and beautiful gold bowls and jewelry, like this big gold bowl from Germany or this gold cape from Britain.

Learn by doing: painting rock art
More about Iron Age European art

Bibliography and further reading about early European art:

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Professor Carr

Karen Eva Carr, PhD.
Assoc. Professor Emerita, History
Portland State University

Professor Carr holds a B.A. with high honors from Cornell University in classics and archaeology, and her M.A. and PhD. from the University of Michigan in Classical Art and Archaeology. She has excavated in Scotland, Cyprus, Greece, Israel, and Tunisia, and she has been teaching history to university students for a very long time.

Professor Carr's PSU page

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