Bronze Age buildings of Northern Europe
Welcome to Study Guides!

Bronze Age Europe buildings

Lake house on stilts
Reconstruction of lake house
(Pfahlbau Museum Unteruhldingen on
Lake Constance, Germany, ca. 3000 BC)

As the people of Europe began to have more contact with West Asia and North Africa in the Bronze Age, about 3000 BC, they started to build more complicated houses like their neighbors and trading partners. People built rectangular wattle and daub houses with thatched roofs. Many houses had big storage pits under them, to store wheat and barley in.

As the Urnfield culture spread across Europe, people were richer, and there were more of them. They began to build wooden fences or stone walls (without mortar) around their villages, and many villages were on top of hills. Some villages were built on stilts in the middle of lakes for safety (compare these to earlier Chinese stilt houses). Most houses were still pretty small, but some were bigger, and might have been houses for a chief and his followers, dependents, and servants or slaves.

Learn by doing: what do people build houses out of near you? Are most houses wood or stone or brick? Walk around and see.
Iron Age architecture

Bibliography and further reading about Northern European buildings:

More about Northern Europe home

Celebrating Black History Month with the pharaoh Hatshepsut, the queen Shanakdakhete, the poet Phillis Wheatley, the medical consultant Onesimus, the freedom fighters Toussaint L'Ouverture, Denmark Vesey, Yaa Asantewaa, and Samora Moises Machel, and the civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr.
Please help other teachers and students find us: link to this page from your class page.
Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram or Twitter.
Cite this page
  • Author: K.E. Carr
  • Title:
  • Site Name: Study Guides
  • Publisher:
  • Date Published:
Proud of your class page, homework page, or resource page? Send it in and win a "Great Page!" award!
Sign up for more free articles and special offers in' weekly newsletter:
We will never share your e-mail address unless you allow us to do so. View our privacy policy. Easy unsubscribe links are provided in every email.
Comment on This Article

Cool stuff we've been enjoying: Looking for birthday gifts? Check out these new Chromebooks - all the computer you need for only $229.00!. Then study in peace with these Beats wireless headphones - for the exact same price! When you're done, show off your presentation or watch a movie with this excellent smartphone projector for only $39.99!

Does your class page honor diversity, celebrate feminism, and support people of color, LBGTQ people, and people with disabilities? Let us know, and we'll send you a Diversity Banner you can proudly display!
Looking for more?
ADVERTISEMENT is loading comments...
(Comments will appear after moderation, if they are kind and helpful. Feel free to ask questions, and we'll try to answer them.)
Cite this page
  • Carr, K.E. . Study Guides, . Web. 24 February, 2017