The games people played in ancient Egypt were very similar to some games people still play today. Some of their games were traditional African games, and others were learned from their West Asian neighbors. People in ancient Egypt played games with pieces like checkers or mancala or senet.
Egyptian game pieces
Egyptian kids played games with knucklebones or small stones, like jacks. (Knucklebones are really the ankle bones of sheep). Sometimes they made artificial knucklebones out of clay. They played games with dice, too.
Egyptian kids also had toys to play with. They had clay rattles and little animals and people shaped out of clay. If you could afford them, you could also get wooden toys. Some wooden toys had moving parts, like a hippopotamus with jaws that could open and close.
Pull toy of woman grinding grain
Boys wrestling (ca. 2500 BC)
Tomb of Nykauinpu, at Giza
Now in the Oriental Institute, Chicago
Ancient Egyptian boys and girls were outside nearly all the time, because their houses were small, dark, and crowded. They liked to play athletic games. Boys and girls loved to swim in the river to cool off and get clean; they knew how to swim the breast stroke and the crawl stroke.
They also liked to wrestle and box, and dance in circles. On the right, the two boys are wrestling: one is sitting on the other one's head. The girls called one dance "pressing the grapes"; that's the dance in the picture to the left. Kids made balls out of leather or woven papyrus and stuffed their balls with straw or (once horses came to Egypt) horsehair, to play ball games like juggling.
King Tut's Game Board, by Leona Ellerby (1980). A story for kids.
Sports and Games of Ancient Egypt, by Wolfgang Decker (1992). Out of print.
Senet, Gaming With the Gods: The Game of Senet and Ancient Egyptian Religious Beliefs, by P. Picione (2004).