Pottery in Ancient Egypt
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Pottery in Ancient Egypt

Naqada II Egyptian clay jar
Naqada II clay jar (Egypt, 3500 BC)
Metropolitan Museum, NYC

People in Egypt were among the first people to make pottery, beginning about 4000 BC. Probably people started to make clay pots in order to have something to keep wheat and barley in so it wouldn't get wet and go moldy. The earliest Egyptian pottery has geometric designs on it. Potters built these early pots by hand, making long snakes of clay and spiraling them around to build the walls of the pot.

Egyptian Footed Pot
Predynastic Egyptian pot with feet
(ca. 3750 BC)

People have always thought of pots as being like people in their shape - the part the pot stands on is the foot, the main part is the body, the part where the pot curves in is the shoulder, the narrow part near the top is the neck, and the very edge is the lip. But some early potters took this idea more literally than later potters. I just love this one with feet!

By about 3500 BC, Egyptian pottery has designs on it that are very much like the designs on earlier rock carvings. They show people, boats, and animals, and they look enough like later Egyptian painting that we can see they're related to each other artistically.

More about pottery - West Asian pottery
Learn by doing: make your own clay pot

Bibliography and further reading about Egyptian art:

Eyewitness: Ancient Egypt, by George Hart. Easy reading.

Ancient Egyptian Art, by Susie Hodge (1998). Shows kids how Egyptian art relates to Egyptian religion and culture.

Hands-On Ancient People, Volume 1: Art Activities about Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Islam, by Yvonne Merrill and Mary Simpson. Art projects for kids, though the directions are really aimed at teachers or parents.

The Art and Architecture of Ancient Egypt (Yale University Press Pelican History of Art), by William Stevenson Smith and William Kelly Simpson (revised edition 1999). The standard for college courses.

Egyptian Art, by Cyril Aldred (1985). Another standard.

Egyptian Wall Painting
More about Ancient Egypt
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Professor Carr

Karen Eva Carr, PhD.
Assoc. Professor Emerita, History
Portland State University

Professor Carr holds a B.A. with high honors from Cornell University in classics and archaeology, and her M.A. and PhD. from the University of Michigan in Classical Art and Archaeology. She has excavated in Scotland, Cyprus, Greece, Israel, and Tunisia, and she has been teaching history to university students for a very long time.

Professor Carr's PSU page

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