Zhou Dynasty Architecture - Ancient China
Welcome to Quatr.us Study Guides!

Zhou Architecture

Zhou roof tile
A fancy roof tile from the Zhou Dynasty

By the time of the Zhou Dynasty, about 1100 BC, there seem to have been a lot of big palaces and shrines to people's ancestors, but nothing much is left of any of them for us to look at now.

We know from stories and songs written down at this time that these palaces were built mainly of big wooden beams. They had rammed earth walls, like the buildings of the Shang Dynasty. They had courtyards. Archaeology tells us that some of these buildings had clay roof tiles.

The songs also tell us that rich people's houses already looked a lot the way rich people's houses looked in later China, with walls around them and courtyards and more private areas for the women in the back.

The Zhou emperors made laws about how fancy your house could be. Only the emperors were allowed to have artists carve their pillars and paint them red. Only the very richest families could paint their pillars black. People who were not so rich painted their pillars yellow.

But most people were too poor to have any pillars at all in their house, and they just had rammed earth walls, whitewashed or plastered to keep them clean, with a firepit in the center, just like in the Shang dynasty.

Ch'in Dynasty architecture
More Chinese Architecture

Bibliography and further reading about ancient Chinese architecture:

Zhou Dynasty History
Zhou Dynasty Art
Ch'in Dynasty architecture
More about Chinese Architecture
Ancient China
Quatr.us home


Please help other teachers and students find us: link to this page from your class page.
Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram, Pinterest, or Twitter, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.
Karen Carr is Associate Professor Emerita, Department of History, Portland State University. She holds a doctorate in Classical Art and Archaeology from the University of Michigan. Follow her on Instagram or Twitter, or buy her book, Vandals to Visigoths.
Sign up for more free articles and special offers in Quatr.us' weekly newsletter:
We will never share your e-mail address unless you allow us to do so. View our privacy policy. Easy unsubscribe links are provided in every email.
Check out our new ebook: Short and Simple: Ancient Greek Myths! - just out! Twenty-five easy to read, illustrated stories, from Pandora to Medea, Icarus, and the Trojan Horse (you can read these online as samples). Get it this week for just $14.99, five dollars off the regular price of $19.99.
Cite this page
  • Author: K.E. Carr
  • Title:
  • Site Name: Quatr.us Study Guides
  • Publisher: Quatr.us
  • Date Published:
Did you find what you needed? Ask your teacher to link to this page so other people can use it too! Send it in and win a Quatr.us "Great Page!" award!
Sign up for more free articles and special offers in Quatr.us' weekly newsletter:
We will never share your e-mail address unless you allow us to do so. View our privacy policy. Easy unsubscribe links are provided in every email.
Comment on This Article
Quatr.us is loading comments...
(Comments will appear after moderation, if they are kind and helpful. Feel free to ask questions, and we'll try to answer them.)
Cite this page
  • Carr, K.E. . Quatr.us Study Guides, . Web. 23 October, 2017
ADVERTISEMENT