Newsletter: September 5th, 2016
Quatr.us answers questions

Quatr.us answers questions

Projects and Pages for mid September:

dead sioux in the snow
Battle of Wounded Knee (1890)

NATIVE AMERICANS: As brave Sioux people stand firm to protect the water from an oil pipeline, let's remember the many other times that Europeans have pushed around Native Americans in the name of business and progress: Columbus torturing the Caribs and Arawak, the Spanish enslaving Pueblo people, the French Jesuits who betrayed the Algonquin, the Founding Fathers who cheated the Cherokee, the Franciscans who enslaved Californians, the Mormons who pushed out the Paiute, the United States Army that massacred the Sioux.

CLEAN WATER: Clean water's something we all need, from Sumerian irrigation systems and Egyptian Nilometers to the Greeks building public water fountains, to Roman aqueducts and sewers, to Chinese public toilets, to the cholera epidemics of the 1800s and the resulting sewage systems. Governments have always known their responsibility to keep the water clean.

stone carving of men carrying a large menorah
Titus' Roman troops plunder Jerusalem
(Arch of Titus, Rome)

BATTLE OF MARATHON: September 12th, 490 BC - The Persian Empire of Iran under Darius I attacks the Athenians at Marathon, in retribution for an Athenian attack on Sardis, but the well-trained Athenian hoplites defeat the Persians and save their city.

FIRST JEWISH REVOLT: In the 60s AD, the Jews had revolted against Roman rule, trying to get back their independence as they had under the Maccabees. September 6th, 70 AD marked the end of the First Jewish Revolt, as the Roman general (and future emperor) Titus let his troops sack and plunder Jerusalem, including the Second Temple.

MICHELANGELO'S DAVID: September 8, 1504 AD - The Renaissance artist Michelangelo finishes his second great masterpiece, the statue of David (as in David and Goliath) and puts it on display in a public square in his native city, Florence.

WHAT TO DO THIS WEEK: Support the Sioux at Standing Rock however you can (some ideas here).

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New pages this week:

CYNICS: Diogenes the Cynic and his followers, who believed in self-sufficiency, simplicity, and shamelessness - not caring what other people thought of you, but making your own decisions. Check out our older pages on Socrates, Stoics, Epicureans, and Skeptics, too.

OATS AND OATMEAL: The history of oats, which started out as a weed or as food for horses, but have also been important food for people in cold, wet climates like Scotland, Scandinavia, Poland, and Russia, where wheat and barley don't grow well.

New discoveries this week:

STONE AGE BOAT: Looks like people in Wales (south-west Britain) had excellent wood boats in the Stone Age, about 3000 BC - more confirmation of the importance of boats, fishing, and seafood for early people.

STONE AGE IRRIGATION: Apparently Stone Age people living in Israel's Jordan Valley about 5000 BC - long before the Sumerians - were already using complicated irrigation systems to keep their olive trees watered. Were they selling their oil? These early farmers also grew wheat, barley, buckwheat, lentils, and peas - the article doesn't say, but we'd be surprised if they didn't grow figs, too.

AMERICAN MAROONS: Many African-Americans freed themselves from slavery and lived independently in the Great Dismal Swamp of Virginia and North Carolina, farming, fishing, keeping pigs, and building houses on small islands in the swamp. They came out of the swamp after the Civil War, when they could be free.

Help support Quatr.us!

Quatr.us is entirely supported by your generous donations and by our sponsors. Most donors give about $10. Can you give $10 today to keep this site running? Or give $50 to sponsor a page?

Seasonal food of the week:

FALL: A hint of frost in the air? Turn to some warm early fall recipes that still use late-summer vegetables like ratatouille, corn fritters, eggplant with ground lamb, zucchini and tomato galette, eggplant moussaka, scallops primavera, or stuffed zucchini. Still cold? Just go ahead and make some quick, easy hot and sour soup.

Also check out our seasonal and budget recipes at Gevirts.com.

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Also check out our seasonal and budget recipes at Gevirts.com.

(Want more like this? Email us to sign up for Quatr.us' email newsletter!)

Newsletter (8-8-2016)

Newsletter (8-1-2016)

Newsletter (7-25-2016)

Newsletter (7-18-2016)

Newsletter (7-11-2016)

Newsletter (7-4-2016)

Newsletter (6-27-2016)

Newsletter (6-20-2016)

Newsletter (6-6-2016)

Newsletter (5-23-2016)

Newsletter (5-16-2016)

Newsletter (5-9-2016)

Newsletter (5-2-2016)

Newsletter (4-25-2016)

Newsletter (4-18-2016)

Newsletter (4-11-2016)

Newsletter (4-4-2016)

Newsletter (3-14-2016)

Newsletter (3-7-2016)

Newsletter (2-29-2016)

Newsletter (2-22-2016)

Newsletter (2-15-2016)

Newsletter (2-8-2016)

Newsletter (2-1-2016)

Newsletter (1-25-2016)

Newsletter (12-7-2015)

Newsletter (12-1-2015)

Newsletter (11-23-2015)

Newsletter (11-16-2015)

Newsletter (11-2-2015)

Syrian Refugees (September 2015)

History of Iran (August 2015)

Music in Ancient Africa

Women in the Roman Empire

How did people evolve to have eyes?

Riots and the Cancellation of Debts

Why do bees like flowers, and flowers need bees?

Where did chocolate come from?

Why do horses like apples and carrots?


Professor Carr

Karen Eva Carr, PhD.
Assoc. Professor Emerita, History
Portland State University

Professor Carr holds a B.A. with high honors from Cornell University in classics and archaeology, and her M.A. and PhD. from the University of Michigan in Classical Art and Archaeology. She has excavated in Scotland, Cyprus, Greece, Israel, and Tunisia, and she has been teaching history to university students for a very long time.

Professor Carr's PSU page

Help support Quatr.us!

Quatr.us (formerly "History for Kids") is entirely supported by your generous donations and by our sponsors. Most donors give about $10. Can you give $10 today to keep this site running? Or give $50 to sponsor a page?

With the Presidential inauguration this weekend, it's a good time to review the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and all the Constitutional amendments since the Bill of Rights. Also check out our articles on people who have been excluded from power in the United States - Native Americans, people of color, Mormons, Quakers, women...