Newsletter: September 12th, 2016
Quatr.us answers questions

Quatr.us answers questions

Projects and Pages for late September:

native man in a broad-brimmed hat
Sitting Bull (Sioux)

INDIGENOUS PEOPLE'S DAY: In celebration of Indigenous People's Day, and in solidarity with the brave water protectors at Standing Rock, let's remember other Native resistors: the Pueblo Revolt of 1680, the Cherokee and Ostenaco in 1760, the Shawnee and Tecumseh in 1809, the Cheyenne and Paiute in the 1850s, the Apache and Geronimo in 1886, the Shoshone in 1911, and of course especially Sitting Bull and the Sioux, who are the main leaders at Standing Rock too.

SYRIA: A short review of the history of Syria, from the Stone Age to the Phoenicians and New Kingdom Egyptians, the Assyrians and Babylonians, their conquest by the Persian Empire in the 500s BC, then by Alexander the Great in the 300s BC, and by the Romans in the 100s BC. Damascus, in Syria, was the first capital of the Islamic Empire, but then lost out to Baghdad under the Abbasids. It came under Mamluk and Seljuk control, then was in the Ottoman Empire until the French created the modern country of Syria in 1923, and became independent in 1945.

FALL EQUINOX: September 22nd - Days and nights are the same length - this is the first day of fall. Find out more about why the seasons change.

painting of greek ship with sails
A Greek ship

BATTLE OF SALAMIS: September 22nd, 480 BC - The Athenian navy, under its admiral Themistocles, defeats the navy of the Persian king Xerxes in the Second Persian War. More about the Athenian navy here.

NEPTUNE: September 23, 1846 - A team of European astronomers, using good telescopes, first discovers the planet of Neptune.

SANDRA DAY O'CONNOR: September 21st, 1981 - Sandra Day O'Connor becomes the first woman on the United States Supreme Court.

WHAT TO DO THIS WEEK: Go for a hike for the first day of fall! See what signs you can see that summer is over - leaves changing color, fall flowers, ripe pumpkins, birds migrating?

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New pages this week:

JOMON PERIOD: Check out our page on Jomon period Japan - the Stone Age in Japan - their invention of pottery, their deep-sea fishing, and the beginning of rice farming and bronze-working.

New discoveries this week:

stone carving of fat woman
Catal Huyuk figurine

CATAL HUYUK FIGURINE: A new Stone Age carving of a woman has been found at Catal Huyuk in southern Turkey, a town that got rich selling obsidian. It's unusual because it's whole, and because it's carved from stone, not molded out of clay.

ROMAN FREEDMEN: Jennifer Trimble points out that even though there weren't that many freed Roman slaves, they put up way more than their share of Roman tombstones. She suggests that they weren't allowed to express themselves in other ways, so they were extra enthusiastic about their tombstones.

INDIGO DYE: The earliest known piece of cotton cloth dyed blue with indigo (like your blue jeans) comes from Peru, from about 4,200 BC. Europeans already knew about indigo from Indian imports (the word comes from "India" but they learned new dyeing techniques from Peruvians.

Help support Quatr.us!

Quatr.us is entirely supported by your generous donations and by our sponsors. Most donors give about $10. Can you give $10 today to keep this site running? Or give $50 to sponsor a page?

Seasonal food of the week:

NATIVE AMERICAN FOODS: To celebrate Indigenous People's Day, cook and eat some of the many foods we learned to eat thanks to Native people. Start with guacamole and salsa and corn chips, then have tacos or chili. Finish up with blueberry pie, sweet potato pie, or this mock cherry pie made with Native cranberries.

Also check out our seasonal and budget recipes at Gevirts.com.

Or, view an extensive range of science and history based educational and learning toys by visiting www.mykidneedsthat.com now.

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Also check out our seasonal and budget recipes at Gevirts.com.

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Newsletter (9-12-2016)

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Newsletter (7-25-2016)

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Newsletter (6-27-2016)

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Newsletter (5-2-2016)

Newsletter (4-25-2016)

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Newsletter (4-11-2016)

Newsletter (4-4-2016)

Newsletter (3-14-2016)

Newsletter (3-7-2016)

Newsletter (2-29-2016)

Newsletter (2-22-2016)

Newsletter (2-15-2016)

Newsletter (2-8-2016)

Newsletter (2-1-2016)

Newsletter (1-25-2016)

Newsletter (12-7-2015)

Newsletter (12-1-2015)

Newsletter (11-23-2015)

Newsletter (11-16-2015)

Newsletter (11-2-2015)

Syrian Refugees (September 2015)

History of Iran (August 2015)

Music in Ancient Africa

Women in the Roman Empire

How did people evolve to have eyes?

Riots and the Cancellation of Debts

Why do bees like flowers, and flowers need bees?

Where did chocolate come from?

Why do horses like apples and carrots?


Professor Carr

Karen Eva Carr, PhD.
Assoc. Professor Emerita, History
Portland State University

Professor Carr holds a B.A. with high honors from Cornell University in classics and archaeology, and her M.A. and PhD. from the University of Michigan in Classical Art and Archaeology. She has excavated in Scotland, Cyprus, Greece, Israel, and Tunisia, and she has been teaching history to university students for a very long time.

Professor Carr's PSU page

Help support Quatr.us!

Quatr.us (formerly "History for Kids") is entirely supported by your generous donations and by our sponsors. Most donors give about $10. Can you give $10 today to keep this site running? Or give $50 to sponsor a page?

With the Presidential inauguration this weekend, it's a good time to review the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and all the Constitutional amendments since the Bill of Rights. Also check out our articles on people who have been excluded from power in the United States - Native Americans, people of color, Mormons, Quakers, women...